Bibliography on organized crime


Brock, David. 1989. “The World of Narco-terrorism.” American Spectator. 22(June): 24-48.

Clutterbuck, Richard. 1995. “Peru: Cocaine, Terrorism and Corruption.” International Relations. 12(August): 77-92.

____________. 1990. Terrorism, Drugs, and Crime in Europe: After 1992. London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.

Dishman, Chris. 2001. “Terrorism, Crime, and Transformation.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 24(1):43-58.

Ehrenfeld, Rachel. 1990. Narco Terrorism. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Evans, Richard and Christopher Aaron. 2002. “Organised Crime and Terrorist Financing in Northern Ireland.” Jane’s Intelligence Review. 14(9, September): 26-29.

Jamieson, Alison. 1994. Terrorism and Drug Trafficking in the 1990s. Brookfield, VT: Aldershot.

Kerry, John. 1997. A New Kind of War: National Security and the Globalization of Crime. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Maguire, Keith. 1993. “Fraud, Extortion and Racketeering: The Black Economy in Northern Ireland.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 20(4, December): 273-292.

Makarenko, Tamara. 2002. “Colombia’s New Crime Structures Take Shape.” Jane’s Intelligence Review  14(4, April):16-19.

Mutschke, Ralf. 2000. “Prepared Testimony of Ralf Mutschke, Assistant Director, Criminal Intelligence Directorate, International Criminal Police Organization, Interpol before the House Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime. The Threat Posed by the Convergence of Organized Crime, Drugs Trafficking and Terrorism.” Federal News Service. December 13.

Pilon, Juliana Geran. 1987. “The Bulgarian Connection: Drugs, Weapons, and Terrorism.” Terrorism. 9(4): 361-371.

Quijano, Fernando. 1985. El Narcoterrorismo en Iberoamérica. New York, NY: Executive Intelligence Review.

Raufer, Xavier. 1993. Les Superpuissances Du Crime: Enquête Sur Le Narco Terrorisme. Paris, France: Plon.

Shelley, Louise. 1995. “Transnational organized crime: An imminent threat to the nation-state?” Journal for International Affairs. 48(2) Winter: 463-91.

Taylor, Clyde. 1985. “Links Between International Narcotics Trafficking and Terrorism.” Department of State Bulletin. 85(August): 69-74.

Thayer, Nate. 1995. “Cambodia: Asia’s New Narco State?” Far Eastern Economic Review. 158(23,November): 24-27+.

Thoumi, Francisco. 1995. Political Economy and Illegal Drugs in Colombia. Boulder, CO: L. Rienner.

United States Congress. Senate Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs. 1996. International Crime, Terrorism, and Narcotics: Hearing Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session: Special Hearing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Congress. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. 1991. Arms Trafficking, Mercenaries and Drug Cartels: Hearings, February 27-28, 1991. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office.

United States Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime. 2000. Threat Posed by the Convergence of Organized Crime Drug Trafficking, and Terrorism: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session, December 13, 2000. Washington : United States Government Printing Office.

United States Congress. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources Subcommittee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse. 1984. Drugs and Terrorism, 1984: Hearing, August 2, 1984, on Investigation of the Link Between Drugs and Terrorism. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office.

United States General Accounting Office. 1999. Terrorism and Drug Trafficking: Testing Status and Views on Operational Viability of Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis Technology. Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office.

Viano, Emilio. 1999. Global Organized Crime & International Security. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate. 

Ward, Dick. 1995. “Gray Area Phenomena: The Changing Nature of Organized Crime and Terrorism.” Criminal Justice International. 11(2, March-April): 1, 4, 18.
Transnational Organized Crime

Beare, Margaret (ed.). 2004. Critical Reflections on Transnational Organized Crime, Money Laundering, and Corruption . Toronto : University of Toronto Press.

Black, David. 1991. Triad Takeover: A Terrifying Account of the Spread of Triad Crime in the West. London, UK: Sidgwick & Jackson. 

Block, Alan A. and Sean P.Griffin. 2002. “Transnational Financial Crime: Crooked Lawyers, Tax Evasion, and Securities Fraud.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 18(4, November):381-93 .

Blum, J. A. 1998. “Enterprise Crime: Financial Fraud in International Interspace.” Trends in Organized Crime. 3(3): 29-44.

Booth, Martin. 1991. The Triads: The Growing Global Threat From the Chinese Criminal Societies. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Bossard, André. 1990. Transnational Crime and Criminal Law. Chicago, IL: Office of International Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Bresler, Fenton S. 1980. The Trail of the Triads: An Investigation into International Crime. London, UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Broomhall, Bruce & Allen Castle. 1998. Action against Transnational Organised Crime: Tackling Money Laundering in the Context of Institution-Building in the Asia Pacific . Vancouver, B.C.: International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy, University of British Columbia.

Buckwalter, Jane. 1990. International Perspectives on Organized Crime. Chicago, Ill: Office of International Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Canadian Security Intelligence Service. 1998. Transnational Criminal Activity: A Global Context. Ottawa: Canadian Security Intelligence Service.

Carter, David. 1994. “International Organized Crime: Emerging Trends in Entrepreneurial Crime.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 10(4): December: 239.

Chang, Dae. 1999. “World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime.” International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice. 23(2, Fall): 141-80.

Charbonneau, Jean-Pierre. 1976. The Canadian Connection: An Expose on the Mafia in Canada and Its International Ramifications. Montreal: Optimum Publishing Co.

Corsun, Andy. 1998. “Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud.” Issues in Global Crime. 28-55.

de Borchgrave, Arnaud. 1997. “Organized Crime’s Global Shadow.” World and I. 12: 48-53.

Dupont, Alan. 1999. “Transnational Crime, Drugs, and Security in East Asia.” Asian Survey. 39(3, May/June): 433-455.

Edwards, Adam ad Peter Gill. 2003. Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security. London; New York: Routledge.

Einstein, Stanley and Menachem Amir. 1999. Organized Crime: Uncertainties and Dilemmas. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois at Chicago, Office of International Criminal Justice.

Fijnaut, Cyrille and James Jacobs. 1991. Organized Crime and Its Containment: A Transatlantic Initiative. Deventer, UK Boston, MA: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers.

Finckenauer, James. 2000. “Meeting the Challenge of Transnational Crime.” National Institute of Justice Journal. July.

Friman, H. Richard and Peter Andreas. 1999. Illicit Global Economy and State Power. New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Flynn, Stephen. 1993. “World Wide Drug Scourge: The Expanding Trade in Illicit Drugs.” Brookings Review. 11(Winter): 6-11.

Flynn, Stephen and Gregory M Grant. 1993. The Transnational Drug Challenge and the New World Order: The Report of the CSIS Project on the Global Drug Trade in the Post Cold War Era. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic & International Studies.

Godson, Roy. 1998. “International Crime Control Strategy.” Trends in Organized Crime. 4(1, Fall): 1-3.

Godson, Roy and William Olson. 1995 “International Organized Crime.” Society. 32(2): 18-29.

Godson, Roy and Phil Williams. 1998. “Strengthening Cooperation Against Transnational Crime.” Survival. 40(3, August): 66-88.

Jamieson, Alison. 2001. “Transnational Organized Crime: A European Perspective.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 24(5, September/October):377-87.

Jensen, Holger. 1989. “Hiding the Drug Money: Criminals Are Using Canada to Launder Billions of Dollars in Drug Profits.” Maclean’s. 102(42, October 23): 42+.

Joseph, Janice. 1999. “Jamaican Posses and Transnational Crimes.” Journal of Gang Research. 6(4, Summer): 41-47.

Kerry, John. 1997. A New Kind of War: National Security and the Globalization of Crime. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Lamothe, Lee and Antonio Nicaso. 1994. Global Mafia: The New World Order of Organized Crime. Toronto: MacMillan Canada. 

Lee, Rensselaer W. III. 1995. “Global Reach: The Threat of International Drug Trafficking.” Current History. 94(May): 207-211.

Leuchtag, Alice. 1995. “Merchants of Flesh: International Prostitution and the War on Women’s Rights.” Humanist. 55(2, March/April): 11-16.

Liddick, Don. 2004. The Global Underworld: Transnational Crime and the United States. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

MacNamara, Donald and Philip Stead. 1982. New Dimensions in Transnational Crime. New York, NY: John Jay Press.

Martens, Frederick. 1991 “Transnational Enterprise Crime and the Elimination of Frontiers.” International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice. 15(1, Spring): 99-107.

Matthew, Richard and George Shambaugh. 1998. “Sex, Drugs, and Heavy Metal: Transnational Threats and National Vulnerabilities.” Security Dialogue. 29(2, June): 163-175.

McCuen, Gary E. 1989. The International Drug Trade. Hudson, WI: G.E. McCuen Publications.

McSweeney, Sean M. 1987. “The Sicilian Mafia and Its Impact on the United States.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. 56(February): 1-10.

Meyer, Kathryn and Terry Parssinen. 1998. Webs Of Smoke: Smugglers, Warlords, Spies, and the History of the International Drug Trade. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Moran, Nathan. 2002. “Emerging Trends: Transnational Drug Production and Trafficking.” Crime & Justice International. 18(63D, June):5-6, 23-24.

MSNBC. 1999. MSNBC Report: Global Gangsters. New York, NY: MSNBC.

Myers, Willard H. 1995. “The Emerging Threat of Transnational Organized Crime From the East.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 24(3, August): 181-222.

Neumann, Robert. 1940. Twenty Three Women: The Story of an International Traffic. New York, NY: The Dial Press.

Noble, Ronald. 1995 “Russian Organized Crime A Worldwide Problem.” The Police Chief. 62(6, June): 18.

Pearce, Frank and Michael Woodiwiss. 1993. Global Crime Connections: Dynamics and Control. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Possamai, Mario. 1992. Money on the Run: Canada and How the World’s Dirty Profits Are Laundered. Toronto, ON: Viking.

Raine, Linnea and Frank J Cilluffo (eds.). 1994. Global Organized Crime: The New Empire of Evil. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies. 

Raufer, Xavier and Philippe Coste. 1994. “Les Multinationales Du Crime.” L’Express. December 8: 118-122+.

Reichel, Philip (ed.). 2005. Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice. Thousand Oaks : Sage.

Resendiz, Rosalva and David Neal. 1998. “International Auto Theft: The Illegal Export of American Vehicles to Mexico.” in Delbert Rounds (ed.) International Criminal Justice: Issues in a Global Perspective,  Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 7-18. 

Robinson, Jeffrey. 1999. The Merger: How Organized Crime Is Taking Over Canada and the World. Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart Inc.

Ronderos, Juan. 1998.  “Transnational Drugs Law Enforcement.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 14(4, November): 384-97.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 2004. The Globalization of Organized Crime: How Powerful Crime Groups Are Corrupting Our Communities. Ottawa: Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

Savona, Ernesto Ugo et al. 1995. Organised Crime Across the Borders: Preliminary Results. HEUNI Papers, no. 6. Helsinki: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI).

Schmidt-Nothen, Berthe Chau. 1985. “Motorcycle Gangs.” International Criminal Police Preview. 390(August/September): 170-179.

Shelley, Louise. 1998. “Transnational organized crime in the United States.” Kobe University Law Review. (32): 77-91.

Shelley, Louise. 1999. “Transnational Organized Crime: The New Authoritarianism.” in Peter Andreas and H. Richard Friman (eds.). Illicit Global Economy and State Power.  Lanham, MD : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 25-51. 

Smith, Harold. 1989. Transnational Crime: Investigative Responses. Chicago, IL: Office of International Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Sola, Richard. 1992. “L’Internationalisation De La Mafia Chinoise.” Defense Nationale. 48(December): 121-132.

Sterling, Claire. 1994. Crime Without Frontiers: The Worldwide Expansion of Organised Crime and the Pax Mafiosa. London, UK: Little, Brown and Co.

Sterling, Claire. 1990. Octopus: The Long Reach of the International Sicilian Mafia. New York, NY: Norton.

Stoecker, Sally  and Louise Shelley (eds.). 2005. Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives . Lanham : Rowman & Littlefield.

Tanzi, Vito. 1996. “Money Laundering and the International Financial System.” Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund. 

Thouin, Andre. 1999. “Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs Around the World .” Gazette (Royal Canadian Mounted Police). 61(August): 51-7.

Trahair, Richard. 1987. “Organized Crime: A Global Perspective.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology. 23(3, November): 473-76.

United Nations. 2000. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Palermo, Sicily: United Nations.

United Nations. 2000. Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. New York, NY: United Nations. New York, NY: United Nations.

United States. Congress. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. (1981). International Narcotics Trafficking: Hearings Before the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety Seventh Congress, First Session, November 10, 12, 13, 17, and 18, 1981. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States. Department of State. 2001. “Arresting Transnational Crime.” Global Issues 6(2):entire issue.

Van Duyne, Petrus and Alan A Block. 1994. “Organized Cross Atlantic Crime.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 22(2): 127-147.

Viano, Emilio C. 1999. Global Organized Crime & International Security. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company.

Voronin, Yuriy. 2000. Measures to Control Transnational Organized Crime. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Walsh, James. 1993. “Triads Go Global.” Time. 8 Febuary: 37-41.

Williams, Phil. 1995. “Transnational Criminal Organizations: Strategic Alliances.” The Washington Quarterly. 18(1) Winter: 57. 

________. 1999. “Emerging Issues: Transnational Crime and its Control.” in Graeme Newman (ed.) Global Report on Crime and Justice. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 221-41. 

Zoffi, P. 1998. Organised Crime Around the World. Monsey, NY: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control/ Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press.

Informants, Agents and Witness Protection

Bannister, Paul and John W Stafford. 1991. Deadly Deception: Twenty One Years Undercover Without a Badge. San Diego: Images Press.

Cantalupo, Joseph and Thomas C Renner. 1990. Body Mike: An Unsparing Expose by the Mafia Insider Who Turned on the Mob. New York, NY: Villard Books.

Carleton, M. S. 1997. “Protecting Witnesses.” Law Enforcement Quarterly. February/April: 17-19.

Finn, P. and K M Healey. 1996. Preventing Gang- and Drug-Related Witness Intimidation: Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Fyfe, Nicholas and Heather McKay. 2000. “Desperately Seeking Safety: Witnesses’ Experiences of Intimidation, Protection and Relocation.” British Journal of Criminology. 40(4, Autumn): 675-691.

Graham, Fred P. 1977. The Alias Program. Boston: Little, Brown.

Greer, Steven. 1995. “Towards a Sociological Model of the Police Informant.” British Journal of Sociology. 46(3): 509-27.

Hoffman, Paul and Ira Pecznick. 1976. To Drop a Dime. New York, NY: Putnam.

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. 1997. Evaluation of the Illinois State Police Gang Crime Witness Protection Program. Chicago: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority.

Janzen, Sandra. 1990. Informants and Undercover Investigations. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum.

Kirby, Cecil and Thomas Renner. 1986. Mafia Assassin: The Inside Story of a Canadian Biker. Toronto, ON: Methuen. 

Montanino, Fred. 1990. “Protecting Organized Crime Witnesses in the United States.” International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminology. 14(1/2, Spring): 123+.

Murphy, Mark G. 1988. The True Story of the Biker, the Mafia & The Mountie. Toronto, ON: Avalon House.

Roberts, Paul William and Norman Snider. 2001. Smokescreen: One Man Against the Underworld. Toronto: Stoddart.

Rogan, Lisa. 1999. “Price of Protecting Our Children: The Dilemma of Allowing Children to Testify as Key Witnesses to Gang Violence.” Journal of Juvenile Law. 20: 127-140.

Sanger, Daniel. 2005.  Hell’s Witness. Toronto: Penguin.

Shadden, M. 1996. Literature Review: Victim-Witness Protection. Champaign, IL:  Community Research Associates.

Simard, Réal and Vastel Michael. 1988. The Nephew: The Making of a Mafia Hitman. Scarborough, ON: Prentice-Hall Canada.

Slate, R. 1997. “Federal Witness Protection Program: Its Evolution and Continuing Growing Pains.” Criminal Justice Ethics. 16(2, Summer/Fall): 20-34.

Strandberg, Keith. 2001. “Protecting Witnesses: How the Witness Security Program Protects Those Who Come to Testify for the State.” Law Enforcement Technology. 28(4, April): 109-14.

United States General Accounting Office United States General Accounting Office and House Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts. 1984. Witness Security Program: Prospective Results and Participant Arrest Data: Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives. Washington, DC: The GAO.

Wood, Gerald. 1986. “Police Informants in Canada: The Law and Reality.” Saskatchewan Law Review. 50(2): 249-70.
Investigations, Interdiction, Undercover Operations, and Surveillance

Bennett, Wayne W. and Karen M. Hess. 1998. Criminal Investigation. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Blakey, G. Robert et al. 1977. The Investigation and Prosecution of Organized Crime: The Rackets Bureau Concept. General Standards for Operation of Organized Crime Control Units. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell Institute on Organized Crime.

Blecker, Robert. 1984. “Beyond 1984: Undercover in America; Serpico to Abscam.” New York Law School Law Review. 28(4): 823-1024.

Block, Alan et al. 1992. “Issues and Theories on Covert Policing.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 18(1-2): 1-217.

Blum, Howard. 1993. Gangland: How the FBI Broke the Mob. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Blumenthal, Ralph. 1988. Last Days of the Sicilians At War With the Mafia: The FBI Assault on the Pizza Connection. New York, NY: Times Books.

Bonavolonta, Jules and Brian Duffy. 1996. The Good Guys: How We Turned the FBI ‘Round and Finally Broke the Mob. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Bottom, Bob. 1984. Without Fear or Favour. South Melbourne, Australia: Sun Books.

Brodeur, Jean-Paul. 1992 “Undercover Policing in Canada: Wanting What Is Wrong.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 18(1-2, September): 105-136.

Byler, Charles. 1996. “The Criminal Standard and Coordinated Domestic Drug Investigations.” National Security Studies Quarterly. 2(Winter): 15-36.

Council of Europe . 2004. Combating Or Crime: Best Practice Surveys of the Council of Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publication.

DeGarmo, James. 1975 “The Nature of Physical Surveillances.” Police Chief. 42(2, February): 57-58.

Detroit, Michael. 1994. Chain of Evidence: A True Story of Law Enforcement and One Woman’s Bravery. New York, NY: Dutton.

Fiatal, Robert J. D. 1989. “Lights, Camera, Action.” FBI Law Enforcement. January: 23-30.

Goldstock, Ronald. 1987. “Operational Issues in Organized Crime Control.” in Herbert Edelhertz, (ed.). Major Issues in Organized Crime Control: Symposium Proceedings, Washington, DC, Sept. 25-26, 1986. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 81-102. 

Goode, James. 1988. Wiretap: Listening in on America’s Mafia. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Griffin, Joe and Don DeNevi. 2002. Mob Nemesis: How the FBI Crippled Organized Crime. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.

Harvison, C. W. 1967. The Horsemen. Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart. 

Janzen, Sandra. 1990. Asset Forfeiture: Informants and Undercover Investigations. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum. 

Jones R. et al. 1977. Electronic Eavesdropping Techniques and Equipment. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Standards, Law Enforcement Standards Laboratory. 

Kwitny, Jonathan. 1987. The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money, and the CIA. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.

Law Enforcement Associates. 1983. The Science of Electronic Surveillance. Raleigh, NC: Search, Inc. 

Law Reform Commission of Canada. 1986. Electronic Surveillance. Working Paper 47. Ottawa, ON: Law Reform Commission of Canada. 

Lee, Gregory. 2005. Conspiracy Investigations: Terrorism, Drugs and Gangs . Upper Saddle River, N.J.  Prentice Hall.

__________. 2004. Global Drug Enforcement: Practical Investigative Techniques. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press.

Lyman, Michael. 2001. Practical Drug Enforcement. Series: Practical Aspects of Criminal & Forensic Investigation. Volume 31 . Boca Raton, FLA: CRC Press .

Lyon, David. 1992. “The New Surveillance: Electronic Technologies and the Maximum Security Society.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 18(1-2,  September): 159-175.

Marx, G. T. 1988. Undercover: Police Surveillance in America. Los Angeles: University of California Press. 

McClintick, David. 1993. Swordfish: A True Story of Ambition, Savagery, and Betrayal. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Miyazawa, Setsuo. 1989 “Scandal and Hard Reform: Implications of a Wiretapping Case to the Control of Organizational Police Crimes in Japan.” Kobe University Law Review. 23: 13-27.

Moore, Mark. 1977. Buy and Bust. Lexington, Mass: DC Heath. 

Motto, Carmine. 1971. Undercover. Springfield, Ill: Thomas.

Paynter, Ronnie. 1999. “Detecting Contraband Smuggling.” Law Enforcement Technology 26(7): 93-6.

Pistone, Joseph and Richard Woodley. 1988. Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia. New York, NY: New American Library.

Rhodes, Robert. 1978. “Electronic Surveillance, Organized Crime and Civil Liberties.” Policy Studies Journal. 7: 419-25.

Rogers, Frank. 1977. “Electronic Surveillance Statutes: Are They an Effective Weapon in Combating Organized Crime.” Police Chief. 44: September: 34-38.

Rothmiller, Mike and Ivan Goldman. 1992. L.A. Secret Police: Inside the LAPD Elite Spy Network. New York, NY: Pocket Books.

Saxbe, William. 1975. “Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance.” Police Chief. 42(2, February): 20-22.

Shana, Alexander. 1988. The Pizza Connection: Lawyers, Money, Drugs and the Mafia. New York, NY: Weidenfeld. 

Shuy, Roger. 1990. “Tape Recorded Conversations.” in Paul P. Andrews and Marilyn B. Peterson (eds.). Criminal Intelligence Analysis. Loomis, CA: Palmer, 117-147. 

United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1988. Wanted by the FBI the Mob: FBI Organized Crime Report. 25 Years After Valachi. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

United States National Commission for the Review of Federal and State Laws Relating to Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance. 1976. Electronic Surveillance Report. Washington, DC: The Commission. 

University of Sydney, Institute of Criminology. 1987. Proceedings of the Institute of Criminology No. 76: Listening Devices and Electronic Surveillance: Police Powers and Citizens’ Rights. Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney, Institute of Criminology. 

Vasquez, John and Sharon Kelly. 1989. “Management’s Commitment to the Undercover Operative: A Contemporary View.” FBI Law Enforcement Journal. February: 3-12.

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