Biography of Nicola Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy (born in Paris January 28 1955) is a French politician, a member of the UMP conservative political party, and current chairman of the party.

He was the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry in the government of Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin from the cabinet shuffle of March 31, 2004 until November 2004. He was the Minister of the Interior in the previous Raffarin cabinet.

Nicolas Sarkozy was a deputy to the French National Assembly for several terms. From 1993 to 1995, he was minister of budget and spokesman of the executive in the cabinet of prime minister Édouard Balladur. He was the mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine from 1983 to 2002.

He holds a bachelor’s degree in law and a certificate of aptitude to the profession of attorney. He also has a degree from the Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris (more widely known as Sciences Po).

Nicolas Sarkozy’s actions as interior minister, in charge of law enforcement, were controversial in France: while generally popular for his “tough on crime” policies, he was criticized for pushing for legislation that, allegedly, infringed on civil rights and for targeting some disenfranchised classes of the population (beggars, prostitutes, youngsters from housing projects…).

Nicolas Sarkozy, as of 2004, is often thought of as the French right’s best hope for the 2007 presidential elections. He has lately increasingly clashed with president Jacques Chirac, who sees him as some worrying rival. He is in competition with Chirac’s loyalists for the control of the UMP; on September 1, 2004, he officially announced his candidacy for the November elections for the presidency of UMP, which he won. He took office as chairman on the 28th of November in a congress at the Bourget. The next day he left his position as economy minister. Even though his leadership position makes him president of the most powerful party in France, he will likely be monitored and even opposed by partisants of Chirac. [1]

Sarkozy, a Roman Catholic, stirred up controversy by publishing in 2004 a book called La République, les religions, l’espérance (“The Republic, religions, and hope”)[2] where he claimed that the youth cannot be brought up on secular, even Republican, values; he also advocated lessening the Separation of Church and State, including the subsidizing of mosques by the government.[3] [4]

Political career
In 1977, member of the central comitee for the RPR.
1978-1979, national youth delegate for the RPR.
1979-1981, president of the national youth delegates under Jacques Chirac for the presediential election of 1981.
1988, national secretary of the RPR, in charge of youth and teaching issues.
Co-directer of the list “Union pour les Élections européennes”.
1992-1993, secrétaire général-adjoint du RPR, chargé des Fédérations. (Assistant secretary of the RPR in charge of the militants organisations)
Since 1993, membre of the RPR political office.
1995-1997 spokesman of the RPR.
1998-1999, Secretary General of the RPR.
1999, interim president of the RPR.
1999, head of the RPR-DL electoral list of the European elections in June
May 2000, elected President of the departemental Comitee of the RPR for Hauts-de-Seine.
Nov 2004, elected the new head of President Jacques Chirac’s governing UMP party.

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