Literature on Al-Qaeda

Posted March 4, 2013 by strategicanalysis
Categories: World

Monographs, Edited Volumes, Non-conventional Literature and Prime Articles published since 2001
Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium

Compiled and selected by Eric Price

Abbott, D, (2011)The Twin Towers Mankato, Minn.: Arcturus Pub.
Alexander, M. (2011) Kill or capture: how a special operations task force took down a notorious al Qaeda terrorist New York: St. Martin’s Press
Almdaires, F. A. (2010) Islamic extremism in Kuwait: from the Muslim Brotherhood to al-Qaeda and other Islamist political groups Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge
Anderson, T. H. (2011) Bush’s wars Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press
Anon. (2005) Hunting al Qaeda: a take-no-prisoners account of terror, adventure and disillusionment St. Paul, MN: Zenith Press [*]
Anon. (2002) Through our enemies’ eyes: Osama bin Laden, radical Islam, and the future of America Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s [*]
Archer, L. & Bawdon, F. (2010) Ricin! the inside story of the terror plot that never was New York: Pluto Press [*]
Ashcroft, J. D. (2006) Never again: securing America and restoring justice New York: Center Street [*]
Atran, S. (2010) Talking to the enemy: faith, brotherhood, and the (un)making of terrorists New York: Ecco Press [*]
Atwan, A. B. (2006) The secret history of al Qaeda Berkeley: University of California Press [*]
Atwan, B.A. (2012) After Bin Laden. Al-Qa’ida, The Next Generation. London: Saqi
Baweja, H. (ed.) (2002) Most wanted: profiles of terror New Delhi: Lotus Collection, Roli Books [*]
Bergen, P. L. (2011) The longest war: the enduring conflict between America and al-Qaeda New York: Free Press [*]
Berlatsky, N. (ed.) (2010) The Taliban Detroit: Greenhaven Press
Berner, B. K. (2005) The World according to Al Qaeda Booksurge; New Dehli: Peacock Books
Berntsen, G. & Pezzullo, R. (2005) Jawbreaker: the attack on Bin Laden and Al Qaeda: a personal account by the CIA’s key field commander New York: Crown Publishers [*]
Bevy, L. J. (ed.) (2006) Al-Qaeda: an organization to be reckoned with New York: Novinka Books (*]
Bhonsle, R. K. (2008) The Al Qaeda in India New Delhi: KW Publishers
Biersteker, T.J & Eckert, S.E. (eds.) (2008) Countering the financing of terrorism London; New York: Routledge London; New York: Routledge [*]
Boucek, C. & Ottaway, M. (eds.) (2010) Yemen on the brink Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Brisard, J-C. & Damien Martinez, D. (2005) Zarqawi: the new face of Al-Qaeda New York: Other Press [*]
Brookes, P. (2005) A devil’s triangle: terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and rogue states Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield
Bruton, B. E. (2010) Somalia: a new approach New York: Center for Preventive Action, Council on Foreign Relations
Buckley, M.E.A. & Fawn, R. (eds.) (2003) Global responses to terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and beyond London; New York: Routledge [*]
Burgat, F. (2008) Islamism in the shadow of al-Qaeda Austin, TX: University of Texas Press [*]
Burke, J. (2003) Al-Qaeda: casting a shadow of terror London; New York: I.B. Tauris [*]
Burke, J. (2007) Al-Qaeda : the true story of radical Islam London: Penguin
Burke, J. (2012) The 9/11 Wars. London: Penguin
Burleigh, M. (2006) Sacred causes: religion and politics from the European dictators to Al Qaeda London: HarperPress
Camp, R. D. (2011) Boots on the ground: the fight to liberate Afghanistan from al-Qaeda and the Taliban Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press
Caraley, D. (ed.) (2002) September 11, terrorist attacks, and U.S. foreign policy New York: Academy of Political Science [*]
Carlisle, R. P. & Bowman, J.S (eds.) (2010) Afghanistan War New York, NY: Chelsea House
Castagnera, J. (2009) Al-Qaeda goes to college: impact of the war on terror on American higher education Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers
Chaliand, G. & Blin, A. (eds.) (2007) The history of terrorism: from antiquity to al Qaeda []
Christie, K. (2008) America’s war on terrorism: the revival of the nation-state versus universal human rights Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press [*]
Clark, H. (2009) How you can kill Al Qaeda: in 3 easy steps New Orleans, La.: Light of New Orleans Pub.
Cloughley, B. (2008) War, coups & terror: Pakistan’s army in years of turmoil New York, NY: Skyhorse Pub.
Cole, B. (ed.) (2006) Conflict, terrorism and the media in Asia London; New York: Routledge [*]
Coolsaet, R. (2005) Al-Qaeda, the myth: the root causes of international terrorism and how to tackle them Gent: Academia Press
Coolsaet, R. (ed.) (2008) Jihadi terrorism and the radicalisation challenge in Europe Aldershot, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate [*]
Corbin, J. (2003) Al-Qaeda: in search of the terror network that threatens the world New York: Thunder Mouth Press/Nation Books [*]
Cram, I. (2009) Terror and the war on dissent: freedom of expression in the age of Al-Qaeda Dortrecht; New York: Springe
Creney, S. (2006) Dear Al-Qaeda: letters to the world’s most notorious terror organization Boston: Black Ocean [*]
Cronin, A. K. (2008) Ending terrorism: lessons for defeating al-Qaeda Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Cruickshank, P. (ed.) (2012) Al-Qaeda New York: Routledge (5 vols.) [*]
Currie, S. (2002) Terrorists and terrorist groups San Diego, Calif.: Lucent Books
Dhar, M. K. (2006) Fulcrum of evil: ISI, CIA, Al Qaeda nexus New Delhi: Manas Publications
Donahue, R. V. (ed.) (2011) The death of Osama bin Laden and related operations Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers
Downing, D. (2004) The war on terrorism: the first year Chicago, Ill.: Raintree [*]
Dumont, G. A. (ed.) (2010) Yemen: background, issues, and Al Qaeda role Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers
Dunn, L. A. (2005) Can al Qaeda be deterred from using nuclear weapons? Washington, D.C.: Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction, National Defense University
Englar, M. (2007) September 11 Minneapolis, Minn.: Compass Point Books [*]
Esposito, A. F. (ed.) (2010) Al Qaeda: background, evolution, and assessment Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers
Fitzgerald, P. & Gould, E.(2011) Crossing zero: the AfPak war at the turning point of American empire San Francisco, CA: City Lights Books
Flood, D. H. (ed.) (2010) Select panel summary “Terrorism trends in South & Southeast Asia” [conference: The Changing Strategic Gravity of Al-Qaeda Washington, DC: Jamertown Foundation]
Flynn, S. E. (2007) The edge of disaster rebuilding a resilient nation New York: Random House [*]
Forsythe, D. P. (2011) The politics of prisoner abuse: the United States and enemy prisoners after 9/11 Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press [*]
Fortner, R.S. & Fackler, P.M. (eds.) (2011) The handbook of global communication and media ethics Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell [*]
Friedman, B. H. (et al.) (eds.) Terrorizing ourselves: why U.S. counterterrorism policy is failing and how to fix it Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute
Gard, C. (ed.) (2003)The attack on the Pentagon on September 11, 2001 New York: The Rosen Publishing Group
Geltzer, J. A. (2010) US counter-terrorism strategy and al-Qaeda: signalling and the terrorist world-view London; New York: Routledge
Gerges, F. A. (2011) The rise and fall of Al-Qaeda Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press
Giraldo, J.K. & Trinkunas, H.A. (eds.) (2007) Terrorism financing and state responses: a comparative perspective Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press [*]
Goerzig, C. (2010) Talking to terrorists: concessions and the renunciation of violence London; New York: Routledge
Gray, J. (2003) Al Qaeda and what it means to be modern New York: New Press
Greenberg, K.J. (ed.) (2005) Al Qaeda now: understanding todays terrorists New York, NY: Cambridge University Press [*]
Griffin, D. R. (2008) The new Pearl Harbor revisited: 9/11, the cover-up, and the exposé Northampton, Mass.: Olive Branch Press [*]
Gul, I. (2010) The al Qaeda connection: the Taliban and terror in Pakistan’s tribal areas New Delhi: Penguin Books India, Viking
Gunaratna, R. (ed.) (2005)The changing face of terrorism Singapore: Eastern Universities Press
Gunaratna, R. (2003) Inside Al Qaeda: global network of terror New York: Berkley Books [*]
Gunderson, C. G. (2004) Terrorist groups Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub. Co. [*]
Hamilton, D. S. (ed.) (2006) Terrorism and international relations Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation; Washington, DC: Center for Transatlantic Relations, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
Hamm, M. S. (2007) Terrorism as crime: from Oklahoma City to Al-Qaeda and beyond New York: New York University Press [*]
Hansen, S.J. (et al.) (eds.) (2009) The borders of Islam: exploring Huntington’s faultlines, from Al-Andalus to the virtual ummah New York: Columbia University Press
Haroon, S. (2011) Frontier of faith: a history of religious mobilisation in the Pakistan Tribal Areas Karachi: Oxford University Press
Hassan, H. A. (2004) Al-Qaeda: the background of the pursuit for global Jihad Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International [*]
Haynes, J. (2011) Religion, politics and international relations: selected essays Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge [*]
Haynes, J. (2012) Religious Transnational Actors and Soft Power Farnham: Ashgate Publishing [*]
Heck, G. W. (2007) When worlds collide: exploring the ideological and political foundations of the clash of civilization Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield [*]
Hellmich, C,. & Behnke, A. (2012) Knowing al-Qaeda Farnham: Ashgate Publishing [*]
Hewitt, C. (2003) Understanding terrorism in America: from the Klan to al Qaeda London; New York: Routledge [*]
Hiber, A. (2008) Should governments negotiate with terrorists? Detroit: Greenhaven Press [*]
Hodges, A. (2011) The “War on terror” narrative: discourse and intertextuality in the construction and contestation of sociopolitical reality New York: Oxford University Press
Hoffman, P. J. & Weiss, T. G (2006) Sword & salve: confronting new wars and humanitarian crises Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield [*]
Hoge, Jr., J. & Rose, G. (eds.) (2005) Understanding the war on terror New York: Foreign Affairs/Council on Foreign Relations; W.W. Norton [*]
Hopper, P. (2006) Living with globalization Oxford; New York: Berg [*]
Hua, S. (ed.) (2009) Islam and democratization in Asia Amherst, N.Y.: Cambria Press
Hull, E. J. (2011) High-value target: countering al Qaeda in Yemen Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books
Hybel, A. R. (2009) The power of ideology: from the Roman Empire to Al-Qaeda Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge
Ibrahim, R. (ed.) (2007) The Al Qaeda reader New York: Doubleday [*]
Ignatieff, M. (2004)The lesser evil: political ethics in an age of terror Princeton: Princeton University Press [*]
Innes, B. (2003) International terrorism Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers
Innes, M. A. (ed.) (2007) Denial of sanctuary: understanding terrorist safe havens Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International [*]
Isaacs, A. (ed.) (2006) Critical perspectives on Al Qaeda New York: Rosen Pub. Group [*]
Jalalzai, M. K. (2002) The Holy terror: al-Qaeda, Taliban and its roots in Pakistan and Afghanistan Lahore: Dua Publications
Jalalzai, M. K̲. (2003) Taliban and the post-Taliban Afghanistan: terrorism, al-Qaeda and the Qila-e-Jangi massacre Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications
Joksimovich, V. (2006) The revenge of the prophet: how Clinton and predecessors empowered radical Islam Boston, MA: Regina Orthodox Press
Juergensmeyer, M. (2008) Global rebellion: religious challenges to the secular state, from Christian militias to al Qaeda Berkeley: University of California Press [*]
June, D.L. (ed.) (2011) Terrorism and homeland security: perspectives, thoughts, and opinions Boca Raton, Fla.: Taylor & Francis
Keegan, J. (2003) Intelligence in war: knowledge of the enemy from Napoleon to al-Qaeda New York: Knopf
Katz, S. M. (2004) Jihad: Islamic fundamentalist terrorism Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co [*]
Katz, S. M. (2002) Relentless pursuit: the DSS and the manhunt for the al-Qaeda terrorists New York: Forge/Tom Doherty Associates [*]
Kennedy, C.H. & Zillmer, E.A. (eds.) (2006) Military psychology: clinical and operational applications New York: Guilford Press [*]
Kepel, G. & Milelli, J-P. (eds.) (2008) Al Qaeda in its own words Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press [*]
Khan, N. A. (2005) Role of American media post 9/11: American media’s vision about the Taliban, al-Qaeda, Afghanistan, Pakistan & terrorism Islamabad: s.n
Kindt, M. T. (2009) The world’s most threatening terrorist networks and criminal gangs New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Kobrin, N. (2010) The banality of suicide terrorism: the naked truth about the psychology of Islamic suicide bombing Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books
Kull, S. (2011) Feeling betrayed: the roots of Muslim anger at America Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press
Lacey, R. (2009) Inside the Kingdom: kings, clerics, modernists, terrorists, and the struggle for Saudi Arabia New York: Viking
Lambert, R. (2011) Countering al-Qaeda in London police and Muslims in partnership New York: Columbia University Press
Lankford, A. (2009) Human killing machines: systematic indoctrination in Iran,Nazi Germany, al Qaeda, and Abu Ghraib Lanham, MD: Lexington Books
Laqueur, W. (2004) Voices of terror: manifestos, writings, and manuals of Al Qaeda, Hamas, and other terrorists from around the world and throughout the ages New York, NY: Reed Press [*]
Leebaert, D. (2006) To dare and to conquer: special operations and the destiny of nations, from Achilles to Al Qaeda New York: Little, Brown [*]
Linden, E. V. (ed.) (2004) Foreign terrorist organizations: history, tactics and connections New York: Nova Science
Mackey, C. & Miller, G. (2004) The interrogators: inside the secret war against Al Qaeda New York: Little, Brown
Mackey, C. & Miller, G. (2005)The interrogators: Task Force 500 and America’s secret war against Al Qaeda New York: Back Bay Books
Mannes, A. (2004) Profiles in terror: the guide to Middle East terrorist organizations Washington, DC: JINSA Press [*]
Mardini, R. & Riedel, B. O. (eds.) (2010) The battle for Yemen: Al-Qaeda and the struggle for stability Washington, D.C.: Jamestown Foundation
Marlin, R. O. (ed.) (2004) What does al-Qaeda want? unedited communiques Berkeley, Calif.: North Atlantic Books [*]
Margulies, P. (2003) Al Qaeda: Osama bin Laden’s army of terrorists New York: Rosen Pub. Group
Marshall Cavendish Reference (2011) Modern Muslim societies Tarrytown, N.Y.: Marshall Cavendish Reference
McGrath, K. (2011) Confronting Al Qaeda: new strategies to combat terrorism Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press
McGregor, A. J. (2009) Who’s who in the Somali insurgency: a reference guide Washington, D.C.: Jamestown Foundation
Miller, M. (2011) Remembering September 11, 2001: what we know now Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow
Miller, R. H. (2004) The war in Afghanistan San Diego, Calif.: Lucent Books [*]
Miniter, R. (2005) Disinformation: 22 media myths that undermine the War on Terror Washington, DC: Regnery Pub. [*]
Miniter, R. (2011) Mastermind: the many faces of the 9/11 architect, Khalid Shailk Mohammed New York: Sentinel [*]
Mockaitis, T. R. (2007) The”new” terrorism: myths and reality Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International [*]
Mockaitis, T. R. (2010) Osama bin Laden: a biography Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood
Moghadam, A. & Fishman, B. (eds.) (2011) Fault lines in global Jihad: organizational, strategic and ideological fissures Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge
Moghadam, A. (2008) The globalization of martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the diffusion of suicide attacks Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press [*]
Mohamedou, M-M. (2007) Understanding Al Qaeda: the transformation of war London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto [*]
Mueller, J. E. (2010) Atomic obsession: nuclear alarmism from Hiroshima to al-Qaeda Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press
Mulaj, K, (ed.) (2010) Violent non-state actors in world politics New York: Columbia University Press
Murdico, S. J. (2007) Osama bin Laden New York: Rosen Central
Murdico, S. J. (2004) Osama bin Laden terrorists New York: Rosen Pub. Group [*]
Musharraf, P. (2006) In the line of fire: a memoir New York: Free Press [*]Nance, M. W. (2010) An end to Al Qaeda: destroying Bin Laden’s jihad and restoring America’s honor New York: St. Martin’s PressNasiri, O. (2006) Inside the jihad: my life with Al Qaeda : a spy’s story New York : Basic Books [*]
Naylor, D.H. (ed.) (2009) Al Qaeda in Iraq New York: Nova Science Publishers
Neumann, P. R. (2008) Joining al-Qaeda: jihadist recruitment in Europe Abingdon: Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies [*]
Nimis, S. (ed.) (2004) The road to al-Qaeda: the story of Bin Laden’s right-hand man
London; Sterling, Va.: Pluto Press [*]
Pape, R.A. & Feldman, J.K. (2010) Cutting the fuse: the explosion of global suicide terrorism and how to stop it Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press
Pape, R. A. (2006) Dying to win the strategic logic of suicide terrorism New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks [*]
Paul, K. A. (2006) Al-Qaeda winning – America losing: three things we all must do to reverse course and win the war on terror Washington D.C : Global Peace Initiative [*]
Pedahzur, A. (ed.) (2006) Root causes of suicide terrorism: globalization of martyrdom New York: Routledge [*]
Perliger, A. (2006) Middle Eastern terrorism New York: Chelsea House [*]
Peters, G. (2009) Seeds of terror: how heroin is bankrolling the Taliban and al Qaeda St. Martin’s Press: Thomas Dunne Books
Poland, J. M. (2011) Understanding terrorism: groups, strategies, and responses Boston: Prentice Hall
Pope, H. (2010) Dining with al-Qaeda: three decades exploring the many worlds of the Middle East New York: Thomas Dunne Books
Post, J. M. (2007) The mind of the terrorist: the psychology of terrorism from the IRA to Al Qaeda New York: Palgrave Macmillan [*]
Powers, T. (2004) Intelligence wars: American secret history from Hitler to al-Qaeda New York: New York Review Books [*]
Preble, C. (2004) Exiting Iraq: why the U.S. must end the military occupation and renew the war against Al Qaeda Washington, DC: Cato Institute
Rana, M. A. & Gunaratna, R. (2007) Al-Qaeda fights back inside Pakistani Tribal Areas Lahore: Pak Institute for Peace Studies
Record, J. (2004) Dark victory: America’s second war against Iraq Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press (*]
Rid, T. & Hecker, M. (2009) War 2.0: irregular warfare in the information age Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International
Riedel, B. O. (2010) The search for al Qaeda: its leadership, ideology, and future Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press [*]
Rooney, D. (2004) Guerrilla: insurgents, patriots, and terrorists from Sun Tzu to Bin Laden London: Brassey’s
Ross, J. I. (2006) Political terrorism: an interdisciplinary approach New York: Peter Lang [*]
Roy, O. (2008) The politics of chaos in the Middle East New York: Columbia University Press [*]
Saikia, J. & Stepanova, E. (eds.) (2009) Terrorism: patterns of internationalization SAGE Publications India; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE
Schanzer, J. (2005) Al-Qaeda’s armies: Middle East affiliate groups & the next generation of terror New York: Specialist Press International
Scheuer, M. (2006) Through our enemies’ eyes: Osama bin Laden, radical Islam, and the future of America Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, Inc. [*]
Scheuer, M. (2008) Marching toward hell: America and Islam after Iraq New York: Free Press [*]
Schier, H. (2008) September 11, 2001 Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub. [*]
Schmitt, E. & Shanker, T. (2011) Counterstrike: the untold story of America’s secret campaign against al Qaeda New York: Times Books
Schultheis, R. (2008) Hunting Bin Laden: how Al-Qaeda is winning the war on terror New York: Skyhorse Pub. [*]
Seib, P. & Janbek, D. M. (2011) Global terrorism and new media: the post-Al Qaeda generation London; New York: Routledge
Seib, P. M. (ed.) (2007) New media and the new Middle East [*]
Shah, N. A. (2008) Self-defense in Islamic and international law: assessing Al-Qaeda and the invasion of Iraq New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan [*]
Sifaoui, M. (2004) Inside Al Qaeda: how I infiltrated the world’s deadliest terrorist organization New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press [*]
Silber, M. D. (2012) The Al Qaeda factor: plots against the West Philadelphia: PENN/University of Pennsylvania Press
Smith, P. J. (ed.) (2005) Terrorism and violence in Southeast Asia: transnational challenges to states and regional stability Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe [*]
Starita, C. L. (2009) The mounting threat of domestic terrorism: al Qaeda and the Salvadoran gang MS-13 El Paso: LFB Scholarly Pub.
Southwell, D. & Twist, S. (2008) Secret societies New York: Rosen Pub [*]
Stewart, J. (2005) The Khyber Rifles: from the British Raj to Al Qaeda Stroud: Sutton [*]
Soufan, A. H. (2011) The black banners: the inside story of 9/11 and the war against al-Qaeda New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Tankel, S. (2011) Storming the world stage: the story of Lashkar-e-Taiba New York: Columbia University Press
Telep, P. (2009) Critical action: Special forces Afghanistan New York: Berkley Pub. Group
Temple-Raston, D. (2007) The jihad next door: the Lackawanna six and rough justice in an age of terror New York: PublicAffairs [*]
Tenet, G. & Harlow, B. (2007) At the center of the storm: my years at the CIA New York: HarperCollins
Thrall, A.T. & Cramer, J.K. (eds.) (2009) American foreign policy and the politics of fear: threat inflation since 9/11 London; New York: Routledge
Tinnes, J. (2012) Jihad @ Web [in German] [in 2 vols.] Saarbrücken: Sudwestdeutscher Verlag für Hochschulschriften AG. [*]
Trofimov, Y. (2007) The siege of Mecca: the forgotten uprising in Islam’s holiest shrine and the birth of al Qaeda New York: Doubleday [*]
Tucker, J. B. (2006) War of nerves: chemical warfare from World War I to al-Qaeda New York: Pantheon Books [*]
Tucker, M. (2009) Operation hotel California: the clandestine war inside Iraq Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press [*]
Venzke, B. (2003) The al-Qaeda threat: an analytical guide to al-Qaeda’s tactics & targets Alexandria, VA: Tempest Pub.
Via, D. O. (2007) Divine justice, divine judgment: rethinking the judgment of nations Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press [*]
Vidino, L. (2006) Al Qaeda in Europe: the new battleground of international jihad Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books [*]
Vinci, A. (2009) Armed groups and the balance of power: the international relations of terrorists, warlords and insurgents New York: Routledge [*]
Wachtel, A. (2009) September 11: a primary source history Pleasantville, NY: Gareth Stevens Pub.
Wallace, R. (2008) Spycraft: the secret history of the CIA’s spytechs from communism to Al-Qaeda New York: Dutton [*]
Warikoo, K. (ed.) (2011) Religion and security in South and Central Asia New York: Routledge
Warrick, J. (2011) The triple agent: the al-Qaeda mole who infiltrated the CIA New York: Doubleday
Weil, G. L. (2005) America answers a sneak attack: Alcan and Al Qaeda Los Angeles: Americas Group [*]
Wilkinson, P. (2011) Terrorism versus democracy: the liberal state response London; New York: Routledge [*]
Williams, G. (2003) 13 days of terror: held hostage by al Qaeda linked extremists-a true story Far Hills, N.J.: New Horizon Press [* ]
Williams, P. L. (2002) Al Qaeda: brotherhood of terror Parsippany, N.J.: Alpha [*]
Williams, P. L. (2005) The Al Qaeda connection: international terrorism, organized crime, and the coming apocalypse Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books [*]
Williams, P. L. (2007)The day of Islam: the annihilation of America and the western world Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books [*]
Williams, P. L. (2004) Osama’s revenge: the next 9-11: what the media and the government haven’t told you Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books [*]
Winterdyk, J. & Sundberg, K. W. (eds.) (2010) Border security in the Al-Qaeda era Boca Raton: CRC Press
Wright, L. (2006) The looming tower: Al-Qaeda and the road to 9/11 New York: Knopf [*]





Non-conventional Literature
Anon. (n.d.) The Al Qaeda Manual []
Arieff, A. (2013) Crisis in Mali Washington: CRS []
Ashraf, M.A. (2012) Al Qaeda’s ideology through political myth and rhetoric [thesis] University of St Andrews []
Baken, D. (2007) An Analysis of the Potential Direct or Indirect Influence Exerted by an Al Qaeda Social Network Actor on Future Biological Weapon Mission Planning [thesis] George Mason University []
Barrett, R. (2009) Al-Qaida and Taliban status check: a resurgent check? The Washington Institute for Near East Policy []
Biggio, N. (2002) The rationality of the use of terrorism by secular and religious groups [thesis] University of Alabama
Bolanos, A. (2010) Al Qaeda’s revolution in military affairs [thesis] Tufts University – Medford, MA.
Bottcher, M. S. M. (2009) Methodological dimensions of warfare reconsidered: Into the Pak-Afghan insurgent nexus [thesis] Royal Military College of Canada
Brenner, W. (2008) Confounding powers: Dominance and discord in international politics from the assassins to Al Qaeda [thesis] Johns Hopkins University
Briggs, R. (January, 2012) The Changing Face of Al Qaeda Institute for Strategic Dialogue
Browne III, W.W. (2006) Constituency constraints on violence: al-Qaeda and WMD [thesis] Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School []
Chehab, N.M. (2005) Al Qaeda: politics and structure [thesis] American University of Beirut []
Collins, J.R. (2011) Al Qaeda and Affiliates: Historical Perspective, Global Presence, and Implications for U.S. Policy Washington: CRS []
Combating Terrorism Center (2006) The Islamic Imagery Project Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Contegiacomo, N. (2007) Rational choice theory and the crime-terror nexus: How and why terrorist and organized criminal groups are working together [thesis] University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Daly, S. A. (2005) Aum Shinrikyo, al Qaeda, and the Kinshasa reactor: implications of three case studies for combating nuclear terrorism Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corp. []
Davis, D, W. (2004) Al-Qaeda and the Phinehas Priesthood terrorist groups with a common enemy and similar justifications for terrorist tactics [thesis] Texas A&​M University []
Davis, J. (May, 2006) Women and Radical Islamic Terrorism: Planners, perpetrators, patrons? Canadian Institute for Strategic Studies []
Davis, P. K. & Jenkins, B.M. (2002) Deterrence & influence in counterterrorism: a component in the war on al Qaeda Santa Monica, CA: Rand []
Dell, H. R. (2006) Al-Qaeda and the Aryan Nations: A Foucauldian perspective [thesis] University of Texas at Arlington
Dickey, C. (n.d.) Women of al Qaeda []
Difo, G. (2010) Fanning the flames? Targeted killings and the attack preferences of Islamist terrorist-insurgent groups [thesis] Georgetown University
Elfström, A. (2012) The Killing of Osama bin Laden, Was it Lawful? [thesis] Örebro University, Sweden []
Europol (2011) Counter Terrorism Working Group Conclusions Europol Public Information []
Feehan, K. (2009) Islamic terrorism: a war of values & politics as viewed through Hizbollah & al-Qaeda [thesis] Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University
Field, A. (2010) The organisation of terrorist groups in the age of globalisation: hierarchies, networks and leaderless resistance movements [thesis] University of Warwick [*]
Filiu, J-P. (June 2010) Could Al-Qaeda Turn African in the Sahel? Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Middle East Program No.112 []
Finn, M. (2012) Al-Qaeda and the Sacrificial Subject: Martyrdom Operations for War and Politics [thesis] York University – Canada
Forest, J.F. (et al.) (2006) Homeland Security and Terrorism: Readings and Interpretation Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Forster, B.J. (2011) The Global Expansion of the Al Qaeda Franchise [thesis] Claremont McKenna College
Foster, M. & Reid S. (2008) The Resurgent and Persistent Threat of al Qaeda Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Francis, M.F. (2011) Mapping the sacred: understanding the move to violence in religious and non religious groups [thesis] University of Leeds [*]
Fua, K. L. (2005) The Al-Qaeda art of war [thesis] Flinders University
Goodrich, A. (2010) The strain theory of criminology and Al Qaeda: A qualitative analysis [thesis] Capella University
Grau, L. W. (2009) The coils of the anaconda: America’s first conventional battle in Afghanistan [thesis] University of Kansas
Gunaratna, R. & Hennessy, O. (2012) Through the Militant Lens: The Power of Ideology and Narratives International Centre dor Counter-Trerrorism []
Hai, N. (2012) The Rhetoric of Terrorism: A Rhetorical Analysis of “Inspire” Magazine [thesis] University of Calgary
Hoffman, B. (2003) Al Qaeda, trends in terrorism, and future potentialities: an assessment Santa Monica, CA: RAND []
Hoffman, B. (2012) Is Al-Qaeda still relevant? The Washington Institute []
Hoffman, H. A. (2010) Does al-Qaeda matter for Africa? How affiliation with al-Qaeda influences the behavior of African Sunni extremist groups [thesis] Georgetown University
Holmgren, J. (2008) Terrorism: And its connection to failed states [thesis] Jönköping University – Sweden []
Jenkins, B.M. (2012) Al Qaeda in Its Third Decade Irreversible Decline or Imminent Victory? Santa Monica, CA: RAND []
Jenkins, B.M. (2002) Countering al Qaeda: an appreciation of the situation and suggestions for strategy Santa Monica, CA: RAND []
Jenkins, B.M. (2011) Is Al-Qaeda’s Internet Strategy Working? Santa Monica, CA: RAND []
Kalic, S. N. (2005) Combating a modern hydra: Al Qaeda and the global war on terrorism Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: Combat Studies Institute Press []
Kamali, S. (2012) Homeland Insecurity: Comparing How American Christian Identity Militants and American Al-Qaeda Activists Perceive the United States and Their Respective Theological Justifications for Violence [thesis] University of California – Santa Barbara
Kimmage, D. (2008) The Al-Qaeda media nexus: the virtual network behind the global message Washington, DC.: RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty []
Kiser, S. D. (2004) Financing terror: An analysis and simulation for affecting Al Qaeda’s financial infrastructure [thesis] RAND Graduate School []
Kordestani, S. (2010) The roots of militant Jihad: A socioeconomic analysis of al-Qaeda foreign fighter hometowns [thesis] Georgetown University
Kowalski, J. (2006) The Geographical and Spatial Imaginings of Islamist Extremism/Terrorism [thesis] University of Waterloo – Canada []
Kraner, T.A. (2005) Al Qaeda in Iraq: demobilizing the threat [thesis] Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School []
Krasznai, A. (2012) September 11, 2001 and the International Interconnections of Al-Qaeda Terrorism [thesis] University of Debrecen []
Krueger, N. (2010) Madmen or bad men? An application of foreign policy decision making models to Al Qaeda [thesis] Georgetown University
Kull, S. (et al.) (2009) Muslim Public Opinion on US Policy, Attacks on Civilians and al Qaeda University of Maryland; World Public Opinion Organisation []
Lahoud, M. (2012) Beware of Imitators: Al-Qa`ida through the Lens of its Confidential Secretary Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
La Marca, M. (2012) Defeating al-Qaeda in the “Battle of Ideas”: The Case for a U.S. Counter-Narrative [thesis] Duke University []
Le Sage, A. L. (2004) Somalia and the war on terrorism: political Islamic movements and US counter-terrorism efforts [thesis] University of Cambridge
Lowe, M. (2010) Spooks, Provo’s and Al Qaeda: An Inside Study of the UK’s Integrated Special Branch Counter-Terrorism Investigations [thesis] Liverpool John Moores University []
Madu, I. V. (2008) Islamic extremism and the West: Expounding the negative implications of the clash between Islamic extremists and some Western nations [thesis] Morgan State University
Martin, J.M. (2011) The information battlefield: Al-Qaeda’s use of advanced media technologies for framed messaging [thesis] University of Nevada, Las Vegas] []
McFarland, M.E. (2005) Rethinking secular and sacred: on the role of secular thought in religious conflicts [thesis] University of Bradford []
McGrath, K. (2007) Sheathing the sword of Damocles: Assessing Al Qaeda and devising a U.S. response [thesis] University of Maryland
McGovern, K. M. (2012) Al-Qaeda in Pakistan: How this safe haven and relationship impacts insurgency and war in Afghanistan [thesis] Georgetown University
Mendenhall, R. (2010) Al-Qaeda: Who, What, Why? : Database Applications for the Al-Qaeda Statements Index [thesis] Haverford College []
Miranda, R. (2006) Suggestions for improving the recruitment of al-Qaeda sources: lessons derived from counter-ideology programs and the targeting of the Type B terrorists [thesis] Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School []
Moghadam, A. (2007) The globalization of martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi-Jihadism, and the diffusion of suicide attacks [thesis] Tufts University – Medford, MA.
Moghadam, A. & Fishman, B. (2010) Self-Inflicted Wounds: Debates and Divisions within al-Qa’ida and its Periphery Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Monga, C. (2009) Uncivil societies: a theory of sociopolitical change Washington, D.C.: World Bank []
Monstarom, R.R. (2009) Al Qaeda’s Female Jihaidists: the Islamic Ideological View Nanyang Technilogical University []
Mowatt-Larssen, R. (2010) Al Qaeda Weapons of Mass Destruction Threat: Hype or Reality? Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs []
Munkittrick, P. (2010) The art of affiliation: Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the politics of terrorist alliances [thesis] Georgetown University
Nadarajah, V. (2010) Al-Qaeda: From ‘The Base’ to Global Database – A History Of Strategic Virtualisation [thesis] RMIT University []
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (2004) The 9/11 Commission report Washington, DC: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States [House of Representatives (2001) al-Qaeda and the global reach of terrorism Washington: U.S. G.P.O. []
National Coordinator for Counterterrorism (2012) Countering Violent Extremist Narratives []
Phillips, A. B. (2008) Soldiers of God – War, faith, empire, and the transformation of international orders from Calvin to Al Qaeda [thesis] Cornell University
Picucci, P. M. (2008) Terrorism’s Operational Code: An examination of the belief systems of al-Qaeda and Hamas [thesis] University of Kansas
Post, J.M. (ed.) (2005) Military studies in the Jihad against the tyrants: the Al-Qaeda training manual Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala.: USAF Counterproliferation Center []
Rabasa, A. (et al.) (2006) Beyond al-Qaeda [in 2 parts] Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation [] []
Rabasa, A. (2009) Radical Islam in East Africa Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation []
Ranstorp, M. (2006) The Virtual Sanctuary of Al-Qaeda and Terrorism in an Age of Globalisation [in] Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age London: Routledge []
Ras, J. M. (2010) Understanding Al-Qaeda: a qualitative approach [thesis] University of Zululand []
Rassler, D. (et al.) (2012) Letters from Abbottabad: Bin Ladin Sidelined? Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Rathbone, A. E. (2006) The political economy of terrorism: An institutional and strategic analysis with a case study of al-Qaeda [thesis] George Mason University
Rosthauser, R. C. (2010) Terrorism conflict: How the United States responds to Al Qaeda violence and expressed grievances [thesis] University of Denver
Roy, O. (2008) Al Qaeda in the West as a Youth Movement; the Power of a Narrative Brighton, UK: Microcon []
Saied, K. (2008) News Media in War Culture [thesis] Karlstads universitet – Sweden []
Schmitt, M. N. (2002) Counter-terrorism and the use of force in international law Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies []
Schweitzer, Y & Goldstein Ferber, S. (2005) Al-Qaeda and the internationalization of suicide terrorism Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies []
Sears, M. D. (2009) Torturing terrorists for national security imperatives: Mediated violence on “24” [thesis] University of Nevada, Las Vegas []
Sharp, J. M. (2011) Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations Washington: CRS []
Singh, D. (2009) Al Qaeda as a charismatic phenomenon [thesis] Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School []
Somma, M: (2011) Al-Qaeda: a historical analysis of evolution & theoretical advantages of a Network [thesis] Saint Anselm College []
Starita, C. L. (2007) Exploitation of border security by MS-13 in aiding al Qaeda’s agenda for domestic terrorism in the United States [thesis] University of Southern Mississippi
Syed, N. (2010) Effectively diffusing terrorism: How successful have U.S. policies been in combating and deterring Al-Qaeda post-9/11? [thesis] Georgetown University
Telleen, P. C. (2008) Deterrence and nuclear terrorism [thesis] American University
Thurmond, A. (2006) Terrorism in the Age of Just War Thinking [thesis] Louisiana State University in Shreveport []
Tinnes, J. (2010) Internetnutzung islamistischer Terror- und Insurgentengruppen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von medialen Geiselnahmen im Irak, Afghanistan, Pakistan und Saudi-Arabien [in German] [thesis] Universität des Saarlandes []
United Nations (2011) Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee; Guidelines of the Committee for the Conduct of its Work []
United Nations (2013) Al Qaida Sanctions List; The List established and maintained by the 1267 Committee with respect to individuals, groups, undertakings and other entities associated with Al-Qaida []
US Congress (2004) Al-Qaeda: the threat to the United States and its allies Washington: U.S. G.P.O. []
US Congress (2006) Al-Qaeda: the many faces of an Islamist extremist threat Washington: U.S. G.P.O []
US Congress (2010) Al Qaeda in Yemen and Somalia: a ticking time bomb Washington: U.S. G.P.O [*]
US Congress (2008) Assessing the fight against al Qaeda Washington: U.S. G.P.O. []
US Congress (2007) Combating Al Qaeda and the militant jihadist threat Washington: U.S. G.P.O.
US Congress (2010) Confronting al-Qaeda: understanding the threat in Afghanistan and beyond Washington: U.S. G.P.O.
US Congress (2007) Declining approval for American foreign policy in Muslim countries: does it make it more difficult to fight al-Qaeda? Washington: U.S. G.P.O. []
US Congress (2010) Implications of the National Intelligence Estimate regarding al Qaeda Washington: U.S. G.P.O. []
US Congress (2009) Reassessing the threat: the future of al Qaeda and its implications for homeland security Washington: U.S. G.P.O.
Venhaus, J. (May 2010) Why Youth Join al-Qaeda United States Institute for Peace []
Vidio, L. (2011 ) Radicalization, Linkage, and Diversity Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation
Wadi, I. (2006) Al-Qaeda in Sudan [thesis] Griffith University
Ward, B. D. (2005) Osama’s wake: the second generation of Al Qaeda Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala.: USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air University []
Watts, C. (et al.) (2007) Al-Qa’ida’s (Mis)Adventures in the Horn of Africa Combating Terrorism Center at West Point []
Wilson, S.P. (2007) The evolution of al-Qaeda [thesis] Fort Leavenworth, Kansas []
Zehr, N.A. (2011) Responding To The Call: Just War And Jihad In The War Against Al-Qaeda [thesis] Florida State University []
Zelin, A. (2010) The Intellectual Origins of al-Qaeda’s Ideology: The Abolishment of the Caliphate through the Afghan Jihad, 1924-1989 [thesis] Brandeis University []





Prime Journal Articles & Book Chapters

Abrahms, M.: Al Qaeda’s Scorecard A Progress Report on Al Qaeda’s Objectives Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 29 (5) 2006 pp. 509-529
Aldrich, G.: The Taliban, Al Qaeda, and the Determination of Illegal Combatants The American Journal of International Law 96 (4, October) 2002 pp. 891-898
Al-Qaeda and jihadi movements worldwide [#1 (2003) >] Seattle, Wash.: Reference Corp., Aristarchus Knowledge Industries
Anon.: Africa – Al Qaeda: Osama Bin Laden’s Death Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 48 (5) 2011 pp.18853-18853
Anon.: Algeria: The Al-Qaeda Brand Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 45 (7) 2008 pp.17605-17606
Anon.: Algeria: Al Qaeda Connection Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 43(9) 2006 pp.16790-16791
Anon.: Algeria: Al-Qaeda Group Restructures Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 45 (4) 2008 pp. 17498-17499
Anon.: Algeria – Mali: al-Qaeda—Bound Weapons Seized Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 46 (2) 2009 pp.17850-17851
Anon.: Algeria–Mali–Mauritania–Niger: Combatting al Qaeda Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 47 (9) 2010 pp.18531-18533
Anon.: Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 46 (6) 2009 pp. 18010-18010
Anon.: Boko Haram and al Qaeda Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 48 (6) 2011 pp.18881-18881
Anon.: Burkina Faso: Al Qaeda Base? Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 47 (7) 2010 pp.18474-18475
Anon.: Libya: Islamic Group Rallies To Al-Qaeda Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 44 (11) 2007 pp.17313-17314
Anon.: Mauritania: Brutal al Qaeda Killings Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 45 (9) 2008 pp.17688-17689
Anon.: Nigeria–US: Al-Qaeda Backed Bomber Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 46 (12) 2010 pp.18238-18239
Anon.: Somalia: Al Qaeda Mastermind Killed: Al Qaeda Base? Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 48 (6) 2011 pp.18859-18861
Atran, S.: A Question of Honour: Why the Taliban Fight and What to Do About It Asian Journal of Social Science 38 (3) 2010 pp.343-363
Aydin, M. & Özen, C.: Civilizational futures: Clashes or alternative visions in the age of globalization? Futures 42 (6, August) 2010 pp.545-552
Azzam, M.: Understanding Al Qa’eda Political Studies Review 6 (3) 2008 pp.340-354
Bach Jensen, R.: Nineteenth Century Anarchist Terrorism: How Comparable to the Terrorism of al-Qaeda? Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (4) 2008 pp.589-596
Basch-Harod, H.: The Right to Choose: The Women of Al-Qai’da Tel Aviv Notes 6 (3, February,9) 2012 pp.1-5 []
Basile, M.: Going to the Source: Why Al Qaeda’s Financial Network Is Likely to Withstand the Current War on Terrorist Financing Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27 (3) 2004 pp.169-185
Bergen, P. (et al.): Assessing the Jihadist Terrorist Threat to America and American Interests Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (2) 2011 pp.65-101
Bergen, P. & Cruickshank, P.: Revisiting the Early Al Qaeda: An Updated Account of its Formative Years Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 35 (1) 2012 pp.1-36
Binder, L.: Comment on Gelvin’s Essay on Al-Qaeda and Anarchism Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (4) 2008 pp.582-588
Brachman, J. & McCants, W.: Stealing Al Qaeda’s Playbook Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 29 (2) 2006 pp.309-321
Burki, S.: Ceding the Ideological Battlefield to Al Qaeda: The Absence of an Effective U.S. Information Warfare Strategy Comparative Strategy 28 (4) 2009 pp.349-366
Canals, J.J.M: Fourth-generation warfare: Jihadist networks and percolation Mathematical and Computer Modelling 50 (5–6, September) 2009 pp.896-909
Caruso, R. & Schneider, F.: Brutality of Jihadist Terrorism. A Contest Theory Perspective and Empirical Evidence in the Period 2002-2010 Journal of Policy Modeling n.d.16 January 2013
Charlton, J.: Al Qaeda buys cyber criminal expertise Computer Fraud & Security 2005 (3, March) 2005 p.2
Ciovacco, C.: The Contours of Al Qaeda’s Media Strategy Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (10) 2009 pp.853-875
Cronin, A.: Ending Al-Qaeda The Adelphi Papers 47 (394) 2007 pp.51-70
Cronin, A.: A Post Al-Qaeda World The Adelphi Papers 47 (394) 2007 pp.71-72
Cronin, A. K.: U.S. Grand Strategy and Counterterrorism Orbis 56 (2) 2012 pp.192-214
David Farley, J.: Breaking Al Qaeda Cells: A Mathematical Analysis of Counterterrorism Operations (A Guide for Risk Assessment and Decision Making) Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (6) 2003 pp.399-411
Devji, F.: Al-Qaeda, spectre of globalisation Soundings 31 (2) 2006 pp.18-27
Doran, M.: The Pragmatic Fanaticism of al Qaeda: An Anatomy of Extremism in Middle Eastern Politics Political Science Quarterly 117 (2) 2002 pp.177-190
Evans, R. & Pantucci, R.: Locating Al Qaeda’s Center of Gravity: The Role of Middle Managers Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (11) 2011 pp.825-842
Fair, C. C.: Militant Recruitment in Pakistan: Implications for Al Qaeda and Other Organizations Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27 (6) 2004 pp.489-504
Fettweis, C. J.: Freedom Fighters and Zealots: Al Qaeda in Historical Perspective Political Science Quarterly 124 (2) 2009 pp.269-296
Gelvin, J.: Al-Qaeda and Anarchism: A Historian’s Reply to Terrorology Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (4) 2008 pp.563-581
Gill, P.: Terrorist violence and the contextual, facilitative and causal qualities of group-based behaviors Aggression and Violent Behavior 17 (6, November–December) 2012 pp.565-574
Green, D.: Al-Qaeda’s Dirty War in Yemen PolicyWatch 2024 (January 25) 2013 []
Gunaratna, R. & Nielsen, A.: Al Qaeda in the Tribal Areas of Pakistan and Beyond Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31 (9) 2008 pp.775-807
Haleem, I.: Micro target, macro impact: the resolution of the Kashmir Conflict as a key to the shrinking al-Qaeda’s international terrorist network Terrorism and Political Violence 16 (1) 2004 pp.18-47
Hall, C. (et al.): Perfect Allies? The Case of Iraq and Al Qaeda International Studies Perspectives 8 (3) 2007 pp.272-286
Happold, M.: The detention of al-Qaeda suspects at Guantanamo Bay: United Kingdom perspectives Human Rights Law Review 4 (1) 2004 pp.57-76
Hastert, P.: Al Qaeda and Iran: Friends or Foes, or Somewhere in Between? Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30 (4) 2007 pp.327-336
Haynes, J.: Al Qaeda: Ideology and action Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (2) 2005 pp.177-191
Hegghammer, T.: Islamist violence and regime stability in Saudi Arabia International Affairs 84 (4) 2008 pp.701-715
Helfstein, S. & Wright, D.: Success, lethality, and cell structure across the dimensions of al Qaeda 34 (5) 2011 pp.367-382
Hellmich, C.: Al-Qaeda terrorists, hypocrites, fundamentalists? The view from within Third World Quarterly 26 (1) 2005 pp.39-54
Hellmich, C. & Redig, A.: The Question is When: The Ideology of Al Qaeda and the Reality of Bioterrorism Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30 (5) 2007 pp.375-396
Herman, E.: A post-September 11th balancing act: Public access to U.S. government information versus protection of sensitive data Journal of Government Information 30 (1) 2004 pp.42-65
Hodges, A.: The Political Economy of Truth in the “War on Terror” Discourse: Competing Visions of an Iraq/al Qaeda Connection Social Semiotics 17 (1) 2007 pp.5-20
Hoffman, B.: Al Qaeda, Trends in Terrorism, and Future Potentialities: An Assessment Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (6) 2003 pp.429-442
Hoffman, B.: The Changing Face of Al Qaeda and the Global War on Terrorism Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27 (6) 2004 pp.549-560
Hoffman, B.: A Counterterrorism Strategy for the Obama Administration Terrorism and Political Violence 21 (3) 2009 pp.359-377
Hoffman, B.: The Global Terrorist Threat: is al-Qaeda on the run or on the march? Middle East Policy 14 (2) 2007 pp.44-58
Hoffman, B.: Radicalization and Subversion: Al Qaeda and the 7 July 2005 Bombings and the 2006 Airline Bombing Plot Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (12) 2009 pp.1100-1116
Holbrook, C. & Fessler, D.M.T.: Sizing up the threat: The envisioned physical formidability of terrorists tracks their leaders’ failures and successes Cognition 127 (1, April) 2013 pp.46-56
Holbrook, D. (2011) Al-Qaeda Communiques by Bin Laden and Al-Zawahiri: a Chronology [in] Schmid, A.P. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research London; New York: Routledge [*]
Hopkins, P. O.: Al-Qaeda: The True Story of Radical Islam Iran and the Caucasus 13 (1) 2009 pp.227-228
Huntington, S.P.: Al-Qaeda: a blueprint for international terrorism in the twenty-first century Defence Studies 4 (2) 2004 pp.229-255
Ilardi, J. G.: Al-Qaeda’s Counterintelligence Doctrine: The Pursuit of Operational Certainty and Control International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22 (2) 2009 pp.246-274 []
Jackson, B.: Groups, Networks, or Movements: A Command-and-Control-Driven Approach to Classifying Terrorist Organizations and Its Application to Al Qaeda Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 29 (3) 2006 pp.241-262
Jordan, J. (et al.): The Intelligence Services’ Struggle Against al-Qaeda Propaganda International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18 (1) 2004 pp.31-49 []
Keenan, J.: Al-Qaeda terrorism in the Sahara? Edwin Dyer’s murder and the role of intelligence agencies Anthropology Today 25 (4) 2009 pp.14-18
Kelsay, J.: Al-Qaida as a Muslim (Religio-Political) Movement Remarks on James L. Gelvin’s Al-Qaeda and Anarchism: A Historian’s Reply to Terrorology Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (4) 2008 pp.601-605
Lawrence, B. B.: The Late Shaikh Osama bin Laden: A Religious Profile of al‐Qaeda’s Deceased Poster Child The Muslim World 101 (3) 2011 pp.374-389
Ilardi, G. J.: The 9/11 Attacks – A Study of Al Qaeda’s Use of Intelligence and Counterintelligence Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (3) 2009 pp.171-187
Lee, R.: Why Nuclear Smuggling Matters Orbis 52 (3) 2008 pp.434-444
Levitt, M: Al Qaeda Targeting Israel: Between Rhetoric and Reality Orbis 54 (3) 2010 pp.413-425
Loidolt, B.: Managing the Global and Local: The Dual Agendas of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (2) 2011 p.102-123
Marc Gerecht, R.: Defeating Taliban Is Key to Stopping al-Qaeda New Perspectives Quarterly 27 (1) 2010 pp.64-67
Marshall, W.: Al-Qaeda in Gaza: Isolating ‘The Base’ Journal of Terrorism Research 1(1) 2011 []
Martin, J. (et al.): Looking for the Pattern: Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia -The Genealogy of a Terror Network Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (6) 2003 pp.443-457
McCabe, T.R.: The Information Confrontation with Radical Islam Orbis 53 (1, January) 2009 pp.99-121
Meijer, R.: Yusuf al-‘Uyairi and the making of a revolutionary Salafi Praxis Die Welt des Islams 47 (3) 2007 pp.422-459
Mendelsohn, B.: Al-Qaeda’s Franchising Strategy Survival 53 (3) 2011 pp.29-50
Mendelsohn, B.: Al-Qaeda’s Palestinian Problem Survival 51 (4) 2009 pp.71-86
Michael, G.: Adam Gadahn and Al-Qaeda’s Internet Strategy Middle East Policy 16 (3) 2009 pp.135-152
Miller, F.: Al-Qaida as a “pragmatic base”: Contributions of area studies to sociolinguistics Language & Communication 28 (4, October) 2008 pp.386-408
Mishal, S. & Rosenthal, M.: Al Qaeda as a Dune Organization: Toward a Typology of Islamic Terrorist Organizations Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 28 (4) 2005 pp.275-293
Neria, Y (et al.): The Al Qaeda 9/11 instructions: a study in the construction of religious martyrdom Religion 35 (1, January) 2005 pp.1-11
Nesser, P.: Ideologies of Jihad in Europe Terrorism and Political Violence 23 (2) 2011 pp.173-200
Page, M. (et al.): Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula: Framing Narratives and Prescriptions Terrorism and Political Violence 23 (2) 2011 pp.150-172
Pantucci, R.: Al-Qaeda 2.0 Survival 50 (6) 2008 pp.183-192
Payne, K.: Building the Base: Al Qaeda’s Focoist Strategy Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (2) 2011 pp.124-143
Payne, K.: Winning the Battle of Ideas: Propaganda, Ideology, and Terror Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (2) 2009 pp.109-128
Pham, P.J.: Foreign Influences and Shifting Horizons: The Ongoing Evolution of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Orbis 55 (2) 2011 pp.240-254
Phillips, A.: How al Qaeda lost Iraq Australian Journal of International Affairs 63 (1) 2009 pp.64-84
Phillips, S.: Al-Qaeda and the Struggle for Yemen Survival 53 (1) 2011 pp.95-120
Pillara, P.R.: Counterterrorism after Al Qaeda The Washington Quarterly 27 (3) 2004 pp.101-113
Pita, R.: Assessing al-Qaeda’s Chemical Threat International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20 (3) 2007 pp.480-511
Plaw, A.: Is Turnabout Fair Play With Al Qaeda? The International Studies Review 12 (4) 2010 pp.622-624
Porter, P.: Long wars and long telegrams: containing Al-Qaeda International Affairs 85 (2) 2009 pp.285-305
Qureshi, F.: Countering al-Qaeda in London: police and muslims in partnership Ethnic and Racial Studies 35 (3) 2012 pp.945-946
Radu, M.: Terrorism After the Cold War: Trends and Challenges Orbis 46 (2, Spring 2002) pp.275-287
Ranstorp, M.: The last vestiges Of Al-Qaeda? Asian Affairs 33 (2) 2001 pp.228-231
Raufer, X.: Al Qaeda: A Different Diagnosis Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (6) 2003 pp.391398
Rice, S.K.: Emotions and terrorism research: A case for a social-psychological agenda Journal of Criminal Justice 37 (3, May–June) 2009 pp.248-255
Riedel, B.: Al Qaeda Strikes Back Foreign Affairs 86 (3, May – June) 2007 pp. 24-40
Saltman, S.S.: The Global Jihad Network: Why and How al–Qaeda Uses Computer Technology to Wage Jihad Journal of Global Change and Governance 1 ( 3, Summer) 2008 pp.2-10 []
Schwartz, B. E.: America’s Struggle Against the Wahhabi/Neo-Salafi Movement Orbis 51 (1, Winter) 2007 pp.107-128
Scott, M.: Al‐Qaeda to Arab Spring: Islamist Terrorism and Democracy Public Administration Review 72 (2) 2012 pp.314-316
Shinn, D.: Al Shabaab’s Foreign Threat to Somalia Orbis 55 (2) 2011 pp. 203-215
Shpiro, S.: Israeli Intelligence and al-Qaeda International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 25 (2) 2012 pp.240-259
Silm, B.: Notes on Al Qaeda in Saudi Arabia Asian Journal of Social Science 35 (4) 2007 pp.528-553
Sinai, J.: The Mind of the Terrorist: The Psychology of Terrorism from the IRA to Al-Qaeda Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (2) 2009 pp.167-169
Stenersen, A.: Al Qaeda’s Foot Soldiers: A Study of the Biographies of Foreign Fighters Killed in Afghanistan and Pakistan Between 2002 and 2006 Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (3) 2011 pp.171-198
Stone, J.: Al Qaeda, Deterrence, and Weapons of Mass Destruction Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (9) 2009 pp.763-775
Thomas, T.L.: Al Qaeda and the Internet: The Danger of ‘Cyberplanning’ Parameters, US Army War College Quarterly 33(1, Spring) 2003 pp.112ff. []
Toft, P.: Terrorist targeting and energy security Energy Policy 38 (8, August) 2010 pp.4411-4421
Torres Soriano,:M.: The Evolution of the Discourse of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Themes, Countries and Individuals Mediterranean Politics 16 (2) 2011 pp.279-298
Torres Soriano,:M.: Terrorism and the Mass media after Al Qaeda: A Change of Course? Athena Intelligence Journal 3 (2) 2008 pp.1-20 []
Torres Soriano, M.: The Road to Media Jihad: The Propaganda Actions of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Terrorism and Political Violence 23(1) 2011 pp.72-88
Tschaen Barbieri, E. & Klausen, J.: Al Qaeda’s London Branch: Patterns of Domestic and Transnational Network Integration Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 35 (6) 2012 pp.411-431
Vinci, A.: Becoming the enemy: Convergence in the American and Al Qaeda ways of warfare Journal of Strategic Studies 31 (19) 2008 pp.69-88
Von Knop, K.: The Female Jihad: Al Qaeda’s Women Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30 (5) 2007 pp.397-414
Wedgwood, R.: Al Qaeda, Military Commissions, and American Self-Defense Political Science Quarterly 117 (3) 2002 pp. 357-372
Westhusing, T.: ‘Target Approval Delays Cost Air Force Key Hits’: Targeting Terror: Killing Al Qaeda the Right Way Journal of Military Ethics 1 (2) 2002 p.128-135
Whelan, R.: Al-Qaeda’s Theorist Survival 53 (2) 2011 pp.159-166
Who’s who in Al-Qaeda and Jihadi movements worldwide: named-person authority file and finding aid for the AQJM datafile [No.1 (2003) ] Seattle: Reference Corp.
Wiktorowicz, Q. & Kaltner, J.: Killing in the Name of Islam: Al-Qaeda’s Justification for September 11 Middle East Policy 10 (2) 2003 pp.96-92
Wittig, T.: Financing terrorism along the Chechnya-Georgia border, 1999-2002 Global Crime 10 (3) 2009 pp.248-260
Woodworth, P.: The war against terrorism: the Spanish experience from ETA to al-Qaeda International Journal of Iberian Studies 17 (3) 2004 pp.169-182
Zelinsky, A. & Shubik, M.: Research Note: Terrorist Groups as Business Firms: A New Typological Framework Terrorism and Political Violence 21 (2) 2009 pp.327-336
Zwikael, O.: Al Qaeda’s Operations: Project Management Analysis Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30 (3) 2007 pp.267-280





See also Resources on the Internet:


Al Qaeda news, Latest – Yahoo []

Al-Qaeda / Organisations ­– AlJazzera [ ]

Al-Qaeda – START/ Terrorist Profile Organization []

Al-Qa’ida (The Base) Intelligence Resource Program – FAS [resources] []

The Clean IT Project – Reducing the impact of terrorist use of the internet – EU []

FRONTLINE Hunting Bin Laden []

Global Counterterrorism Glossaries []

Global Legal Monitor / Terrorism – Library of Congress []

JIHADOLOGY – A clearinghouse for jihādī primary source material and translation service []

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence []

RAND Experts Use Decades of Terrorism Research to Assess al Qaeda after bin Laden []

Perspectives on Terrorism [collection of articles] []

Terrorism Threat to the U.S. Homeland / Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula – US Committee on Homeland Security []

UN Action to Counter Terrorism []


About the Compiler: Eric Price is a Professional Information Specialist. Until his retirement he served at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna; since then he joined ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’ as an Editorial Assistant.



Launch of Radical Islam Monitor in Southeast Europe (RIMSE)

Posted February 23, 2011 by strategicanalysis
Categories: Greece, South Eastern Europe, World


Radical Islam Monitor in Southeast Europe (RIMSE) seeks to expose Islamist activities (both violent and non violent) in the region of Southeast Europe.

Special attention will be given to Islamist activities taking place in Greece.

RIMSE argues that the threat posed to the West in general and to Southeast Europe in particular is not by Islam as a faith but by Islamism as a totalitarian political ideology.

7 Mafia Families Caught Up in a Major Mob Sweep

Posted January 21, 2011 by strategicanalysis
Categories: World In a massive operation, the FBI and police have arrested 127 people allegedly connected to the mob in New York, Rhode Island, and New Jersey. It’s the “largest single-day operation against La Cosa Nostra,” Attorney General Eric Holder said in a press release on the arrests. Seven families associated with organized crime are represented in the sweep, including all of New York’s “five families.”

 So who are these real-life Soprano clans? Surge Desk introduces you to them.


One of New York’s “big five” Mafia families, the Genovese family allegedly specializes in labor racketeering and construction, according to The New York Times. Some of those arrested today were past and present union officials who were charged with racketeering and extortion related to dockworker unions. They are believed to be connected to the Genoveses. Just last month, officials got their hands on a cooler containing more than $50,000, allegedly a Christmas gift to the family from a union local.


Another of the New York five families. The Gambino clan is famous for John Gotti, who was the boss for years. The Gambino family has allegedly been involved in everything from racketeering to prostitution, even being mentioned in connection with the Eliot Spitzer scandal in 2008. Gambino family higher-ups Joseph Corozzo and Bartolomeo Vernace were both charged in the indictments unsealed today.


Active since 1928, the Colombo family is now on the smaller side of the five families. In 2005, there were an estimated 75 to 85 members. But they allegedly remain active in racketeering, fraud and other mob-related activities. “[T]he entire leadership of the Colombo family not currently in prison” was included in today’s sweep, according to a Department of Justice press release. FYI: Two former Colombo associates are now ministers, working with a group called Goodfellas4god.


The fourth of the New York families, the Luchese family has taken some hits — metaphorically speaking — in recent years. Said New York magazine in 2005, “Since 1991, the feds have convicted five Luchese leaders, including Vittorio ‘Vic’ Amuso and acting bosses. Two stand-in leaders, Alphonse ‘Little Al’ D’Arco and Joseph ‘Little Joe’ Defede, became turncoats. Another, Louis ‘Louie Bagels’ Daidone, is serving life for murder.” Yet the group remains powerful, according to The New York Times.


The last of the five families, the Bonanno family has also struggled over the past decade or two, with many arrests and prosecutions for crimes, including murder and racketeering. Today’s indictments related to the Bonanno family include a murder charge connected to a 1992 home invasion robbery.


The family, known for its alleged control of parts of New Jersey, spent “decades as the ugly stepchildren of the New York mob,” said New York magazine.


The Providence, R.I.-based crime family works primarily in New England, particularly Boston. Former boss Luigi Manocchio, who is 83, was charged in today’s roundup with extortion and extortion conspiracy; an associate was also named. The group allegedly extorted several pornographic stores in Providence.

Drug cartels in U.S. as big a threat as terrorism

Posted December 9, 2010 by strategicanalysis
Categories: World

By Sylvia Longmire,  Special to CNN,    December 9, 2010


Sylvia Longmire: Huge number of Mexican drug cartel members in U.S. since well before 9/11
We fight in Afghanistan, she writes, but should fight deadly and dangerous cartels at home.

Longmire: More Americans die from overdose and drug violence than in terror attacks
$365 billion for Afghan war; she says, $1.6 billion for drug war in Mexico with little spent so far.

Editor’s note: Sylvia Longmire is a former Air Force officer and special agent with the Air Force Office of Special Investigations, and worked four years as a senior intelligence analyst and border security expert for the California Emergency Management Agency. She is a consultant on Mexico’s drug war and a writer.

(CNN) — Most Americans probably still believe the biggest threat to our national security is terrorism. We’re debating increasingly intrusive security measures, and not long ago we heard about a homegrown terrorist in Oregon who wanted to cause a huge explosion at a Christmas tree-lighting ceremony.

Yet Mexican drug cartels are arguably as dangerous and deadly as terrorists, and they were operating far inside our borders well before 9/11.
The decision to go into Afghanistan was an easy one to make; or at least it was in 2001. Shortly after the 9/11 attacks, America learned all about al Qaeda. We were prepared to do whatever it took, spend whatever it cost, and deploy tens of thousands of our soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen to effectively and efficiently do the job.
It seems like the job they’ve been doing is working, to an extent. We haven’t experienced a large terrorist attack on U.S. soil since 9/11 and al Qaeda is a shadow of its former self. But do we know for a fact that our presence in Afghanistan is the exact thing that’s preventing more terrorist attacks? Maybe, and maybe not.
Most people don’t want to take chances, and most people would say that terrorism is still the biggest threat to our national security.

I beg to differ.

Mexican drug cartels deeply infiltrated every corner of the U.S., well before terrorism entered our national consciousness.

Let’s switch gears for a minute to the drug war in Mexico, where more than 30,000 people have been killed since President Felipe Calderón came into office and the annual body count goes up every December. Granted, most of the people being tortured, kidnapped or killed have historically been criminals involved in the drug trade. However, that’s changing. We’re seeing more and more innocent bystanders, including children, being gunned down as collateral damage.
The big concern, of course, is whether the violence is going to spill over into the United States. But there are two real problems with this debate. First, no standardized definition exists as to what constitutes border violence spillover. It really is in the eye of the beholder, which means that if you ask a Texas city mayor and an Arizona rural border county sheriff whether they’re seeing it, you’re likely going to get two very different answers.

The second problem is that we’re too focused on spillover in the border area to realize that Mexican drug cartels have deeply infiltrated every corner of the United States, and they did so well before terrorism and religious extremists entered our national consciousness. According to the U.S. Department of Justice’s National Drug Intelligence Center, members of Mexican cartels are operating in more than 270 U.S. cities and thousands of smaller communities.
Those same cartels dominate drug trafficking operations in places like Los Angeles, Phoenix, Houston, Chicago, Detroit, Denver, Atlanta and Newark, New Jersey. Violent gangs across the country act as their proxies and sell Mexican drugs like marijuana, crystal methamphetamine, brown powder and black tar heroin, and Colombian cocaine in our cities and neighborhoods from San Diego to Syracuse, New York.
So why don’t we hear more in the media about the activities of Mexican cartels on U.S. soil? Mostly because cartels like to keep a low profile and blend in. Drawing attention to cartel operations in the United States is very bad for business and our law enforcement officers can generally be depended on to do their jobs. A big shootout in a San Diego shopping district or downtown Houston between dozens of heavily armed cartel gunmen and the U.S. Army isn’t going to happen any time soon.
But that doesn’t mean drug-related violence isn’t happening in the United States, and sometimes well away from the border.
In 2009, five mutilated bodies were found outside a drug stash house in a well-to-do northern Alabama county. Dozens of law enforcement officers have been shot at and many severely injured by heavily armed men who work for Mexican cartels defending marijuana crops in states like Oregon, Tennessee and North Carolina.
Closer to the border, last year, gang members from “Los Palillos” were indicted in the kidnapping, torture and murder of nine people in San Diego County. Two of those victims were dissolved in vats of acid after they were killed.
This is the real and current major threat to our national security — tens of thousands of violent Mexican cartel members who are living and operating under our noses in our cities, communities and public lands.

We’ve spent more than $365 billion on the war in Afghanistan since 2001, and about 1,400 military members have lost their lives in the process. We’ve committed only $1.6 billion to the drug war in Mexico — only a few hundred million of which has actually been spent since 2007 — and our military isn’t allowed to step one foot in-country unless it’s for training purposes.
In a time when our national deficit is skyrocketing and the collective belt is tightening, we need to take a good look at our priorities when it comes to national security.
So can our commitments to Afghanistan and Mexico be compared? Maybe, maybe not.
We know the number of innocent Americans who died as a result of terrorist attacks on U.S. soil. But we also have a rough idea of how many Americans die every year as a result of using drugs being peddled by Mexican cartels operating in our country. I can assure you that the number of American drug casualties is much higher.
We also need to take into account the cost of interdicting even a small percentage of those drugs at the border, as well as the environmental toll that domestic marijuana cultivation is taking on our nation’s landscape.

Afghanistan and Mexico can’t be compared in the ways we’re fighting those wars, but they certainly can in the ways our government chooses to assess and protect us from the threats they pose.

Will California become America’s first failed state?

Posted October 7, 2009 by strategicanalysis
Categories: World

California has a special place in the American psyche. It is the Golden State: a playground of the rich and famous with perfect weather. It symbolises a lifestyle of sunshine, swimming pools and the Hollywood dream factory. But the state that was once held up as the epitome of the boundless opportunities of America has collapsed. From its politics to its economy to its environment and way of life, California is like a patient on life support. At the start of summer the state government was so deeply in debt that it began to issue IOUs instead of wages. Its unemployment rate has soared to more than 12%, the highest figure in 70 years. Desperate to pay off a crippling budget deficit, California is slashing spending in education and healthcare, laying off vast numbers of workers and forcing others to take unpaid leave. In a state made up of sprawling suburbs the collapse of the housing bubble has impoverished millions and kicked tens of thousands of families out of their homes. Its political system is locked in paralysis and the two-term rule of former movie star Arnold Schwarzenegger is seen as a disaster – his approval ratings having sunk to levels that would make George W Bush blush. The crisis is so deep that Professor Kevin Starr, who has written an acclaimed history of the state, recently declared: “California is on the verge of becoming the first failed state in America.” Outside the Forum in Inglewood, near downtown Los Angeles, California has already failed. The scene is reminiscent of the fallout from Hurricane Katrina, as crowds of impoverished citizens stand or lie aimlessly on the hot tarmac of the centre’s car park. It is 10am, and most have already been here for hours. They have come for free healthcare: a travelling medical and dental clinic has set up shop in the Forum (which usually hosts rock concerts) and thousands of the poor, the uninsured and the down-on-their-luck have driven for miles to be here. The queue began forming at 1am. By 4am, the 1,500 spaces were already full and people were being turned away. On the floor of the Forum, root-canal surgeries are taking place. People are ferried in on cushions, hauled out of decrepit cars. Sitting propped up against a lamp post, waiting for her number to be called, is Debbie Tuua, 33. It is her birthday, but she has taken a day off work to bring her elderly parents to the Forum, and they have driven through the night to get here. They wait in a car as the heat of the day begins to rise. “It is awful for them, but what choice do we have?” Tuua says. “I have no other way to get care to them.” Yet California is currently cutting healthcare, slashing the “Healthy Families” programme that helped an estimated one million of its poorest children. Los Angeles now has a poverty rate of 20%. Other cities across the state, such as Fresno and Modesto, have jobless rates that rival Detroit’s. In order to pass its state budget, California’s government has had to agree to a deal that cuts billions of dollars from education and sacks 60,000 state employees. Some teachers have launched a hunger strike in protest. California’s education system has become so poor so quickly that it is now effectively failing its future workforce. The percentage of 19-year-olds at college in the state dropped from 43% to 30% between 1996 and 2004, one of the highest falls ever recorded for any developed world economy. California’s schools are ranked 47th out of 50 in the nation. Its government-issued bonds have been ranked just above “junk”. MORE:

Dollar’s Slide Gives Rise to Calls for New Reserve

Posted October 7, 2009 by strategicanalysis
Categories: World

By Frank Ahrens
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, October 7, 2009


The U.S. dollar continued its six-month slide Tuesday amid a growing international chorus that wants the dollar replaced — or at least supplemented — as the world’s reserve currency, a move that would end the greenback’s six decades of global dominance.



The dollar has come under attack from abroad as the economic crisis has played out, thanks to the Federal Reserve’s decision to flood a seized-up financial system with liquidity last fall. The central bank’s moves likely staved off deflation, but the massive influx of new dollars has devalued existing ones. Foreign nations are worried that the massive U.S. national debt and rising deficits are not being addressed. And though inflation is not yet a concern in the United States, a prolonged slide in the dollar’s value could lead to higher prices for consumers.

Further, large emerging economies — such as China, Russia, Brazil and India — are tired of kow-towing to the American buck, and sense an opportunity to knock a weakened dollar off its imperial perch.

“The U.S. dollar is headed for also-ran status, and it will continue to lose its value against many other currencies and assets,” Miller Tabak equity strategist Peter Boockvar said. “The rest of the world wants the U.S. dollar to lose influence, but no one wants it to be abrupt, as it’s in no one’s interest. An evolutionary process is what is wanted.”

The question is: When will that happen?

“In the next two to three years, it is highly unlikely to see the dollar replaced,” said Eswar Prasad, an economics professor at Cornell University and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington. “Over the next decade, though, we would expect to see other currencies play a much more significant role.”

The dollar fell to nearly its lowest point of the year against the yen and euro on Tuesday, which sent the price of gold surging to a record intraday high above $1,045 per ounce, as investors sought a hedge against inflation and foreign nations continued to stockpile the precious metal.

For the American consumer, a falling dollar means U.S. exports sell better overseas, which can lead to more jobs here. But it also means imports costs more, which means higher prices at U.S. stores.
“For the average Joe, the implications of a crisis of confidence in the dollar could end up in higher borrowing costs, lower government expenditures — so that means reduced services — and higher taxes,” Prasad said. “Most likely, some combination of all of the above.”

Stocks, which typically move opposite of the dollar, staged a strong rally on Tuesday, continuing their fast Monday start. The Dow Jones industrial average and the broader Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index both gained 1.4 percent, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq surged 1.7 percent.

The U.S. dollar has been the world’s reserve currency since World War II. Central banks and financial institutions in other nations hold dollars to pay off foreign obligations, or to influence their currency’s exchange rate. Commodities, such as oil, are priced in dollars, which spreads the dollar’s influence around the world.

But the dollar’s dominance is being challenged, thanks to the crisis.

China was the first major power to attack the greenback, calling in March for the dollar to be replaced as the world’s reserve currency. China holds more U.S. debt than any other country — about $800 billion — and the further the dollar drops, the less the value of the U.S. debt owed to China.

Other nations have followed China’s criticism. In March, Kazakhstan criticized the dollar and called for the creation of a new currency it calls the “acmetal” (a coinage combining “acme” and “capital”). Last month, Iran shifted its reserve currency from the dollar to the euro, a move that is likely more political than economic and a response to harsh U.S. criticism of Iran’s nuclear moves.

But major powers have spoken against the dollar, as well. In September, Russia said it remains satisfied with the dollar as a reserve currency but said others are also needed. At an international investment summit last month, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin criticized the United States — and implicitly, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke, who controls the money supply — for “uncontrolled issue of dollars.”

Both China and Russia have called for a new “global supercurrency,” similar but larger in scale to the euro, that would replace the dollar.

Even the world’s big financial institutions are piling on.

“The United States would be mistaken to take for granted the dollar’s place as the world’s predominant reserve currency,” World Bank President Robert Zoellick said in a speech last week.

Iran, Bosnia-Herzegovina call for promotion of ties

Posted October 7, 2009 by strategicanalysis
Categories: South Eastern Europe

ISNA – Tehran Service: Islamic Parliament 1388/07/15 10-07-2009 News Code :8807-00044



TEHRAN (ISNA) – Iran and Bosnia-Herzegovina are willing to expand mutual relations in politics, culture, economy and parliamentary cooperation. Parliamentary friendship group of Iran and Bosnia Herzegovina held meeting with the Muslim member of the Bosnia Herzegovina Presidency, Haris Silajdzic in Sarajevo.


Silajdzic calling for expansion of economic ties between Iran and Bosnia-Herzegovina said, “economic relations of the two countries must reach a level that can satisfy both countries.”


Also Iran’s parliamentary delegation asserted, there were many potentialities which should be found to broaden the domains of cooperation between the two countries particularly in industry and economy.


The Iranian delegation also meeting with the Foreign Minister of the European country Sven Alkalaj hoped the two sides would promote cooperation through parliamentary ties.


Iran’s parliamentarian also met Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives Speaker Milorad Zivkovic where both sides hoped the two countries interactions in different political and parliamentary levels would be influential in strengthening friendly relations.